History of Udaipur
During the prehistoric times, the area surrounding the Ahar River banks close to modern day Udaipur was home to a thriving human civilization. Some of the earliest settlers of the region were the Bhils, who still live in the region. The modern city of Udaipur, as we know, was founded in 1553 by Maharana Udai Singh II. Initially, Chittorgarh was the capital city of Mewar kingdom and home to the royal family. However, in the mid 16th century capital was shifted from Chittorgarh to Udaipur. According to local legends, a hermit suggested Maharana Udai Singh II to shift his capital to Udaipur due to its strategic location. According to the hermit, the elevated hills of the Aravalli Range and the fertile lands of the Girwa Valley would help his subjects thrive. However, no historical records have been found that verifies this claim. According to many historians, Udai Singh II being an excellent strategist realized the dangers of incoming Mughal army under the leadership of Emperor Akbar. Historians suggest that the shift to Udaipur was more of a political decision than a religious one. Fondly referred as the ?City of Lakes?, Udaipur remained the capital of the Mewar, until the region was captured by British colonizers in 1818. Thereafter, India?s independence in 1947, Udaipur was merged in the newly formed state of Rajasthan.
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